How do we treat Glaucoma?
Glaucoma occurs when an excessive buildup of pressure is present in the eye. It is the most frightening of eye diseases because it affects the peripheral vision first, so it can go undetected until it becomes too late to treat. It is the second most prevalent cause of blindness in this country because it has few or no symptoms. It is, however, easily detected during our thorough examination.
What causes glaucoma?
- Primary open-angle glaucoma. Most people don’t realize they have it because there are no symptoms until the damage has already occurred.
- Acute open-angle glaucoma. This type of glaucoma at least has symptoms, though quite suddenly. They can be eye pain, headaches, halos around lights, red eyes, nausea, and vomiting. Each attack of these symptoms may last only a matter of hours but when it ceases it takes with it a portion of your vision.
- Normal tension glaucoma. Pain is rare with this type of glaucoma and the only symptom that will appear when it’s too late to correct is tunnel vision.
- Congenital glaucoma. This is hereditary and may begin at birth. If you notice cloudy milky, or protruding eyes on your baby, schedule an appointment with us immediately. Congenital glaucoma is more common in boys than girls.
- Pigmentary glaucoma. This is quite rare. Over time, the drainage system in the eye becomes damaged. The only possible symptom could be pain and blurry vision after strenuous exercise.
- Secondary glaucoma. An eye injury could cause this and there are mild symptoms of infection and inflammation.
Treatments for glaucoma
- When we prescribe eye drops to lower the pressure in your eye, you must use them religiously! They can prevent permanent damage to the windows to your soul.
- We may recommend surgery. Either laser or conventional surgical options are available to reduce fluid buildup and increase the drainage of fluid in the eye.